While students are in the process of doing their Challenge, we need to give feedback to check that the correct memories are being formed. This can take many forms:
- peer assessment
However, getting feedback is not enough. It has a similar effect as Presentation – about 5% retention. To form better memories the student must act on the feedback and make an improvement to their work.
Not all types of feedback are equally effective. Researcher have seen 4 types:
- Personal: such as ‘well done’, ‘not enough effort here’, ‘grade 3’, ‘65%’. Effect on learning – very little
- Task based: Gives the student the answer, tells them exactly what to do. Effect – very little.
- Process based: Asking questions which get the student to think about the task. “What do you need at the end of a sentence?”
- Self regulation: Training the student to be like the best students – those who check their own spelling and punctuation, for instance.