Step 2: Presentation

A quick recap

We’ve sifted through the research to bring you our evidence-based Six Steps to Outstanding Learning.

We’ve already had a look at Step 1: Prior Knowledge. This step involves activating our students’ prior knowledge about a topic before we start presenting new material.

It’s essential to do this before teaching anything new, because otherwise our students can’t make the links necessary for the learning to be properly understood and remembered.

A table showing our Six Steps for Outstanding Learning, which are: Step 0 Orientate, Step 1 Prior Knowledge, Step 2 Presenting, Step 3 Challenge, Step 4 Feedback, Step 5 Repetition

So now we’re onto Step 2: Presentation.

Step 2 is the presentation of the new learning. This might be you teaching, or the students reading a textbook or watching a video, or the students watching a demonstration.

The retention at this stage is about 5%, and it varies: some students learn a lot, whereas others learn nothing.

An image of students walking down a school corridor


In this section you can find out about effective ways to improve Presentation. These include:

  • Linking to prior knowledge.
  • Recognising the limits of Working Memory.
  • Using an Advance Organiser to create the big picture.
  • Using graphical and multi-sensory methods.
  • Linking abstract ideas to concrete examples


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