Step 4: Repetition and practice

While students are in the process of doing their Challenge, we need to give feedback to check that the correct memories are being formed.  This can take many forms:

  • verbal
  • written
  • self-assessment
  • peer assessment
  • questioning

However, getting feedback is not enough. It has a similar effect as Presentation – about 5% retention.  To form better memories the student must act on the feedback and make an improvement to their work.

Not all types of feedback are equally effective.  Researcher have seen 4 types:

  • Personal: such as ‘well done’, ‘not enough effort here’, ‘grade 3’, ‘65%’.  Effect on learning – very little
  • Task based:  Gives the student the answer, tells them exactly what to do.  Effect – very little.
  • Process based:  Asking questions which get the student to think about the task.  “What do you need at the end of a sentence?”
  • Self regulation: Training the student to be like the best students – those who check their own spelling and punctuation, for instance.